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Water Yam – What a Fantastic Unnoticed Food

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Water Yam – What a Fantastic Unnoticed Food

Origin and Planting:

Drinking water yam (D. Alata Linn) is just one of the oldest food items crops so significantly. It belongs to the spouse and children of Monocotyledonous plants. It originated in South-East Asia in Burma. From there it spreads to India, Malaysia, Indonesia and Jap part of South-East Asia. It served as food for voyagers and was thus unfold to the parts of the tropics. Immigrants from India and Malaysia released it to Madagascar from wherever it was released into East Africa in the 16th Century. It was released to West African nations by the Portuguese and Spanish.

These days, water yam is the most widely dispersed of all the yams, becoming grown in all pieces of the tropics. It is the most extensively cultivated species of ya in the West Indies, the Pacific Islands and tropical Asia. It is acknowledged as ‘greater yam’ or ‘ten month’ yam. It can be identified in some locations in Nigeria. It is known as (Ewura) in Yoruba land, it is the principal staple food items in Ijebu region – Western Nigeria.

H2o yam is planted within the months of March – April which is the commencing of the rainy period ans also at the starting of the dry time (Oct – November). Late planting generate poorly. It matures in 8 – 10 months and keeps superior in storage than other species simply because they keep on being dormant for numerous months. It grows finest at temperature concerning 25oC and 30oC. it needs soil that is nicely drained, of high fertility and significant in organic and natural issue therefore loamy soil is finest. It grows in a shorter time than the white yam and possesses a fibrous root method. Most of the roots arise in the major-soil, 30cm, earlier mentioned the soil stage.

The tubers range considerably in shape and measurement, dependent on the soil and how deep the floor is when planting. They may well occur singly or in teams, straight or branched. This yam consists of a higher proportion of water than possibly the white or yellow yam. Its loose or watery texture is easily visible when the tuber is cut or grated. The tuber may well be purple, white, yellow, light-weight brown or almost red in colour when peeled. The leaves are distinctively various from many others, staying heart-formed, extended, broad and winged at the petiode. The stems commonly have no spines and they climb round the stakes in a counter-clockwise direction.

Water yam can be eaten boiled, mashed, fried, or mixed with palm-oil or groundnut oil and steamed. Flour can also be made from it. Dishes these as ‘Isikolo’, ‘Ojojo’, Pounded yam, ‘Ikokore’, pottage and fritters can be created from it. It can also be cooked with beans. Dishes these types of as Queen Cakes, Biscuits and pastries can be geared up from water yam flour.

Nutritional worth of water yam:

Moisture = 70{c30f02d1a3839018c3a3c8c7102050a0b32e2e4f8eba54dea6cc544f0247e749}, Starch = 28{c30f02d1a3839018c3a3c8c7102050a0b32e2e4f8eba54dea6cc544f0247e749}, Sugar = .5{c30f02d1a3839018c3a3c8c7102050a0b32e2e4f8eba54dea6cc544f0247e749}, Fat = .1{c30f02d1a3839018c3a3c8c7102050a0b32e2e4f8eba54dea6cc544f0247e749} – .3{c30f02d1a3839018c3a3c8c7102050a0b32e2e4f8eba54dea6cc544f0247e749}, Crude protein = 1.1{c30f02d1a3839018c3a3c8c7102050a0b32e2e4f8eba54dea6cc544f0247e749} – 2.8{c30f02d1a3839018c3a3c8c7102050a0b32e2e4f8eba54dea6cc544f0247e749}, Crude fibre = .6 – 1.4{c30f02d1a3839018c3a3c8c7102050a0b32e2e4f8eba54dea6cc544f0247e749}, Ash = .7{c30f02d1a3839018c3a3c8c7102050a0b32e2e4f8eba54dea6cc544f0247e749} – 2.1{c30f02d1a3839018c3a3c8c7102050a0b32e2e4f8eba54dea6cc544f0247e749}, Vitamin C (mg for each 100g) = 5 – 8{c30f02d1a3839018c3a3c8c7102050a0b32e2e4f8eba54dea6cc544f0247e749}, Vitamin B1 (mg per 100g) = .09{c30f02d1a3839018c3a3c8c7102050a0b32e2e4f8eba54dea6cc544f0247e749}, Vitamin B2 (mg per 100g) = .03{c30f02d1a3839018c3a3c8c7102050a0b32e2e4f8eba54dea6cc544f0247e749} and Vitamin A.

Five (5) Drinking water Yam Dishes

1. H2o yam queen cakes:

a. Elements:

(1.) 100gm h2o yam flour. (2.) 100gm wheat flour. (3.) 175gm margarine. (4.) 174gm sugar. (5.) 1 tablespoon baking powder. (6.) 2 eggs. (7.) 150ml milk.

b. Technique:

(1.) Product the margarine and sugar till soft, white and creamy. (2.) Incorporate the overwhelmed eggs and continue beating to get in the air. (3.) Sieve h2o yam and wheat flour and baking powder with each other. (4.) Include the flour and combine with cold milk to a dropping regularity. Add vanilla essence. (5.) Set in greased patty tins and bake in a reasonable oven for 20 minutes.

2. Ojojo (Western African food):

a. Elements:

(1.) 100gm grated drinking water yam. (2.) 1 modest onion (finely chopped). (3.) Pepper (chopped). (4.) Salt and herbs to flavor. (5.) Oil for frying.

b. System:

(1.) Chop onion and pepper finely. (2.) Conquer the grated h2o yam and increase a tiny water if also thick. (3.) Add the ready substances and salt. Beat together once more. (4.) Fry in balls in deep body fat. (5.) Drain and provide incredibly hot on your own or with bread.

3. Ikokore (Nigerian food stuff):

a. Ingredients:

(1.) 100gm drinking water yam.
(2.) 30-50gm boned smoked fish.
(3.) 2 kitchen spoons palm oil.
(4.) Salt to flavor.
(5.) Shrimps as sought after.
(6) 1 tablespoon floor pepper.
(7.) 1 tablespoon onion.
(8.) 1 tablespoon tomato.
(9.) ½ teaspoon fermented melon seed.

b. Approach:

(1.) Peel and grate the drinking water yam.
(2.) Put water in the cooking pot and incorporate ready fish and ingredients. Make it possible for combination to boil for a couple minutes.
(3.) Add the grated drinking water yam to the gravy in lumps and permit to cook dinner initial prior to stirring.
(4.) Include the oil and salt, stirring gently with a picket spoon.
(5.) Simmer carefully.
(6.) Serve very hot either on its very own or with cold pap (eko) or agidi.

4. Yam chips:

a. Substances:

(1.) 1 little water yam. (2.) Salt to taste. (3.) Body fat (oil).

b. Strategy:

(1.) Wash and peel yam.
(2.) Reduce in fifty percent lengthwise and slice thinly on a chopping board.
(3.) Soak in chilly h2o.
(4.) Drain in sieve and wrap in clean up fabric for about 15 – 20 minutes separating the slices to reduce them from matting.
(5.) Fry in scorching extra fat right up until evenly golden-brown.
(6.) Get rid of, drain and pile on a incredibly hot dish sprinkle with salt and serve.

5. H2o yam pottage:

a. Ingredients:

(1.) 1 massive h2o yam.
(2.) 2 tablespoons ground crimson pepper.
(3.) 3 tablespoons floor onion.
(4.) 1 tablespoon tomato puree.
(5.) Salt to taste.
(6.) 6 tablespoons palm oil or groundnut oil.
(7.) 4 tablespoons ground shrimps.
(8.) Cooked beef or 2 pieces smoked fish.

b. System:

(1.) Peel the yam and reduce into tiny parts.
(2.) Rinse and set to boil.
(3.) When it is half cooked, insert salt, ground ingredients, oil, meat or fish and simmer till cooked.

N.B.: If delicate pottage is needed, water can be included and some of the yam can be mashed if beef or fish is not added provide with fish or beef stew.

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